Miscellaneous 10

The Tobacco Control Act of 2009 sets February 15, 2007, as the latest date by which all tobacco products would have to have to be grandfathered in. Mitch Zeller, head of the FDA's Center for Tobacco Products, has said publicly that he couldn't choose a later date, although industry officials disagree.

from http://www.msn.com/en-us/news/us/feds-announce-final-e-cigarette-rule-that-nearly-bans-them/ar-BBsFJlQ

Grandfather (as a verb) A grandfather clause is a provision in a law or contract that allows old rules to continue to apply in certain situations. The term originated in the U.S. during the late 19th century, when conservative lawmakers seeking to enact restrictive voting laws were forced to make exceptions for young people whose grandfathers had had full voting rights before the Civil War. This is the origin of the verb grandfather, which means to exempt from new rules or restrictions (a person or thing predating the new rules or restrictions). It is often followed by in. The verb grandfather is still primarily an Americanism. Most of the few examples we find in non-U.S. sources are in reference to American things. Though the word is rare, it is well established and should be familiar to most close followers of news and politics, especially in the U.S., so there is no need to put it in quotation marks.

brush someone off, perfunctory, skimp someone's work > 敷衍

lava lamp

The total prize amount of $1.4 billion only really applies to people who choose to receive the cash in equal payouts over a period of 30 years. Most people, however, choose to take a smaller lump sum payment, which in this case would mean a payout of $868 million, before taxes, according to the website USAMega.com, which tracks multi-state lotteries.

The legendary retailer, one of the oldest in the U.S. cited weak holiday sales during a time of year most stores are known for getting out of the red.

One of the Pennsylvania stores slated to close first opened outside of Philadelphia in 1930. The other opened near Pittsburgh in 1979 at a shopping mall that is currently on life support.

Both buildings are nods to retail's past, serving as unofficial landmarks in their hometowns and stops along a deep timeline of changing consumer trends.

Alan Rickman (21 February 1946 – 14 January 2016) was an English actor and director, known for playing a variety of roles on stage and screen, often as a complex antagonist. 对头,对手。

businessy, 职场套话。

ban on ... was lifted, 长达四十年的原油出口解禁,中国准备好了吗?。。。
The first U.S. shipment of crude oil to an overseas buyer departed a Texas port on Thursday, just weeks after a 40-year ban on most such exports was lifted.

ardent,热心的,殷切的,激烈的。Russian President Vladimir Putin is maneuvering for a comeback as a major player in global security with his brash military buildup in Syria and an ardent appeal for coordinated action with Western powers to defeat Islamist extremism.